Africa is compelling, captivating, and exciting. Scientists believe it to be the origin of the human species, which maybe explains its un-natural power to make you feel at home, even if you’ve never set foot on African soil before. Spend any amount of time there and it really gets into your blood, making you want to return again and again.
For large parts of Africa, poverty, hunger, and disease, are sadly the norm. Without the unquestioning support and assistance of the huge number of charities, missions, and other non-governmental organizations, the already dreadful mortality rate would be unthinkable.
There are also areas where it’s still not safe to travel, because of civil wars, insurgencies, bandits, and the like. Slowly these seem to be reducing in number, and countries that were once absolute no-go areas are now slowly seeing a return of visitors.
Are you one of the many people who think that Africa is a country. We’ve got news for you – Africa is actually a really big continent with no less than 53 countries. And the majority of Africans may be black, but that doesn’t mean they share the same culture, speak the same language or even dress the same. But there is a feeling that all the people subscribe to – it’s the pride in being called an African.
Africa straddles the equator and has many climate areas. It is the only continent to stretch from the northern temperate to southern temperate zones. The climate ranges from tropical to subarctic on its highest peaks. Its northern half is primarily desert or arid, while its central and southern areas contain both savanna plains and very dense jungle (rainforest) regions. In between, there is a convergence where vegetation patterns such as sahel, and steppe dominate.
Africa boasts perhaps the world’s largest combination of density and “range of freedom” of wild animal populations and diversity, with wild populations of large carnivores (such as lions, hyenas, and cheetahs) and herbivores (such as buffalo, deer, elephants, camels, and giraffes) ranging freely on primarily open non-private plains. It is also home to a variety of jungle creatures (including snakes and primates) and aquatic life (including
The mostly desert and often landlocked nations that span the Sahara Desert
Countries in this region: Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Sudan
The tropical Atlantic coastal nations.
Countries in this region: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Cote d’Ivoire, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Nigeria, Congo, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Gambia, Togo
The heart of Africa.
Countries in this region: Burundi, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe
The nations that border the Red Sea and the Indian Ocean.
Countries in this region: Comoros, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Somalia, Tanzania, Uganda
Nations at Africa’s southern tip.
Countries in this region: Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia, Zimbabwe